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动词-ing形式易错点集锦


郝昌明

  1. 因为习惯于在各种各样的地方驾车,他真是一个有经验的司机。
  误: Used to drive his car in all kinds of places, he is really an experienced driver.
  正: Used to driving his car in all kinds of places, he is really an experienced driver.
  析:句中的used to来自于be used to, 表示“习惯于做某事”的意思”, to为介词,后面应接动词-ing形式作宾语。 look forward to(渴望), get/become used to(习惯于做某事), stick to(坚持), get down to(着手), pay attention to(注意), devote ... to ... (把……专用于……)等短语中的to均为介词,其后均应接动词-ing形式作宾语。
  2. 我建议你穿上大衣,因为外面很冷。
  误: I suggest you to put on your overcoat, because it is very cold outside.
  正: I suggest your putting on your overcoat, because it is very cold outside.
  析: suggest, include, consider, finish, practise, miss, avoid, enjoy, risk, mind, appreciate, stand, escape等动词后面只能接动词-ing形式作宾语。 your是putting on的逻辑主语。
  3. 因为很忙,他们不得不再次推迟结婚日期。
  误: Being very busy, they have to put off to get married once again.
  正: Being very busy, they have to put off getting married once again.
  析: put off, excuse ... for ..., can’t help(忍不住……), insist on, keep on, give up, feel like, be worth等动词(短语)后面只能接动词-ing形式作宾语,不能接动词不定式作宾语。
  4. 如果不给我说一声,你不能去爬那座高山。
  误: You can’t go to climb that high mountain without tell me.
  正: You can’t go to climb that high mountain without telling me.
  析: without为介词,后面只能接名词或动词-ing形式作宾语。
  5. 如果你想知道主人是否在家,可以试着敲一下门。
  误: If you want to know whether the host is at home, you can try to knock at the door.
  正: If you want to know whether the host is at home, you can try knocking at the door.
  析: try to do sth意为“尽力、努力去做某事”,而try doing sth则意为“试着做某事”。 go on(继续做), stop(停止), mean(意味着), remember(记得), forget(忘了), regret(为……而后悔), consider(考虑)等动词后面常接动词-ing形式作宾语。
  6. 我真地认为只阅读不思考这些语言点是没有用的。
  误: I really think that it is no use to read without considering these language points.
  正: I really think that it is no use reading without considering these language points. ......
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