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脱去紧身衣,企鹅展新姿



  小时侯老师常说,动物界里有一群穿着黑色礼服的绅士,住在很冷很冷的地方——它们就是企鹅先生。可是,你能想象企鹅真的穿上衣服吗?曾经,皮埃尔就是这么一只独特的企鹅。不过,如今的它已经褪去外衣,回归自我。一起来看看它的故事吧。
  
  Earlier this year, a penguin at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco was, arguably[有争议的], the world’s best-dressed penguin. In reality, he was probably the world’s only dressed penguin – outfitted with a “wet suit[紧身潜水衣]” after he began to lose his feathers.
  Bald patches started appearing on Pierre’s tail and head in 2006.
  The situation was dangerous, says Pam Schaller, a senior aquatic[水生的] biologist at the California Academy of Sciences.
  Feathers keep penguins warm and enable them to identify[识别] each other.
   “With the appearance of bald patches, Pierre was getting picked on[作弄] by other birds, and he wasn’t swimming very often because he was very cold,” Schaller said.
  After medical tests yielded inconclusive[不确定的] results, Pierre was fitted with a neoprene[氯丁橡胶] vest, which allowed him to move his wings and flippers[鳍状肢].
  After six weeks in his new clothes, Pierre’s feathers began to re-grow, and he now has a new lease on life[改善某人状况或前景的机会].
  By penguin standards, Pierre is an elder statesman[政治家]: In the wild, penguins live about 15 years; in captivity[这里指人工圈养], they live to about 20. Pierre turned 25 in February.
   “He is behaving as though he is, once again, the patriarch[元老] of the colony[群体],” Schaller says.
   “Now he’s standing tall and strong.”
  
  直到今年早些时候,旧金山加州科学院里的一只企鹅——在重重争议下——曾是“全球最佳着装企鹅”。实际上,它可能是世界上唯一一只穿衣服的企鹅——它在开始掉毛之后穿上了一套“紧身
  潜水衣”。
  2006年,企鹅皮埃尔的尾巴和头部开始出现秃斑。
  据加州科学院的资深水生生物学家潘姆·斯查勒称,它(当时)的情况很危险。
  羽毛能为企鹅保暖,让它们可以相互识别。
  “出现秃斑以后,皮埃尔开始受到其它企鹅的嘲弄。而且它不能经常下水游泳,因为(失去羽毛的)它感到非常寒冷。”斯查勒说。
  医学检验没有得出确切定论,随后,皮埃尔穿上了能让其自由运动翅膀和双脚的氯丁二烯橡胶防护马甲。
  穿上“新衣裳”六周后,皮埃尔的羽毛开始重新生长,现在它有了让生活焕发生机的希望。
  按照企鹅王国的标准,皮埃尔算是一位老当益壮的“开国元勋”了。在野外,企鹅可以存活约15年;若是人工喂养,它们可以活到20岁左右。而今年2月份,皮埃尔已经达到25岁高龄了。
  斯查勒说:“它现在的一举一动(表明)它似乎又重新获得了部落长老的地位。”
  “它现在腰杆挺直了,高大健壮。”
  

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